Income Tax 2023-24 Software and Tax Details

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Income tax is one of the most important direct taxes levied by the government of India every financial year. The Income Tax Act, 1961 and the rules and regulations formulated under it govern the taxation of incomes in India.

This article focuses on income tax in relation to the assessment year 2024-25, which pertains to the income earned during the financial year 2023-24. We will briefly go over the key aspects of income tax for this assessment year - the tax slabs, deductions, filing process, penalties, and tips for better tax planning.

The income tax slabs and rates are usually revised in the annual Union Budget presented by the Finance Minister. The income tax structure aims to levy higher rates on the rich while providing concessions to poorer sections of society. Understanding the latest income tax provisions is crucial for all taxpayers in order to calculate tax liability accurately, claim all eligible deductions, avoid penalties and ensure tax compliance.

Income Tax 2023-24 Software and Tax Details 

Income Tax Slabs

The income tax slabs for the financial year 2023-24 have undergone some changes compared to previous years. Here's an overview of the tax slabs:

Up to Rs 3 lakh - Nil

Rs 3-6 lakh - 5%

Rs 6-9 lakh - 10%

Rs 9-12 lakh - 15%

Rs 12-15 lakh - 20%

Above Rs 15 lakh - 30%

Compared to last year (2023-24), the tax exempt limit has been increased from Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 3 lakh. This means individuals with total income up to Rs 3 lakh will not have to pay any taxes.

The subsequent slabs have also been revised upwards. The 5% slab now covers incomes between Rs 3-6 lakh compared to Rs 2.5-5 lakh earlier. The 10% slab now starts at Rs 6 lakh vs Rs 5 lakh previously.

Similarly, the 15% slab now covers Rs 9-12 lakh compared to Rs 7.5-10 lakh last year. The 20% slab now starts at Rs 12 lakh against Rs 10 lakh in 2023-24.

The highest slab of 30% now kicks in at Rs 15 lakh. Last year, it started at Rs 12.5 lakh. This means higher income individuals will get some tax relief.

Overall, the changes in income tax slabs for 2023-24 are aimed at providing relief to taxpayers across income levels. The tax exempt limit and slab thresholds have been raised substantially compared to previous years.

Changes and Updates

  • The income tax laws for 2023-24 have seen some notable changes and updates that taxpayers should be aware of. Here are the key highlights:
  • The basic income tax exemption limit has been increased from ₹2.5 lakh to ₹3 lakh for individuals below 60 years of age. For senior citizens above 60 years but below 80 years, the exemption limit has gone up from ₹3 lakh to ₹3.5 lakh.
  • A new tax regime has been introduced which offers lower tax rates but does not permit common deductions like 80C, HRA etc. Taxpayers can choose between the new and old regimes depending on which is more beneficial.
  • The maximum amount exempt under Section 80C has been increased from ₹1.5 lakh to ₹2 lakh. The cap for tax-free employer's contribution to NPS has also gone up to 14% of salary from 10%.
  • A standard deduction of ₹50,000 has been introduced for salaried individuals in place of transport and medical reimbursements.
  • The TDS threshold limit for interest earned on bank/post office deposits has been raised from ₹10,000 to ₹40,000 for senior citizens.
  • A new section 80EEB has been introduced offering a deduction of ₹1.5 lakh on interest paid for electric vehicles.
  • The surcharge rate has been reduced from 37% to 25% for incomes between ₹2 crore to ₹5 crore.
  • The benefit of carry forward losses for startups has been increased from 7 years to 10 years.
  • These changes will help provide some tax relief to individuals and make tax planning more flexible. Taxpayers should evaluate their options carefully.


List key deductions available for taxpayers for 2023-24

Some of the major deductions available for the assessment year 2024-25 include:

Standard Deduction: All taxpayers can claim a standard deduction of Rs 50,000. This reduces net taxable income.

Section 80C: Deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh can be claimed for specified investments like PPF, ELSS, life insurance premiums, NPS, etc.

Section 80CCD(1): An additional deduction up to Rs 50,000 can be claimed for contributions to the NPS account.

Section 80D: For health insurance premiums paid for self, spouse and dependent children, deductions up to Rs 25,000 for people under 60 years of age and Rs 50,000 for senior citizens can be claimed.

Section 80E: Interest paid on education loan is tax deductible without any upper limit.

Section 80TTA: Deduction for interest income up to Rs 10,000 from savings accounts.

Section 80TTB: Senior citizens can claim a deduction up to Rs 50,000 for interest income from deposits.

Section 24: Deduction of up to Rs 200,000 can be claimed on interest paid for housing loan for self-occupied property.

Section 80G: 100% deduction for donations made to approved charitable institutions.

Section 80GG: Deduction up to Rs 60,000 per annum for rental paid if HRA is not part of salary.

Taxpayers should carefully assess all deductions they are eligible for to reduce their taxable income and tax liability for 2024-25. Proper documentation and proofs need to be maintained for all claims.

Filing Process

The process and deadlines for filing income tax returns for 2023-24 are as follows:

  • The income tax return filing process starts with the taxpayer collecting all relevant documents and information like Form 16, salary slips, income details, investment proofs, expense receipts etc. These documents help determine the total taxable income and deductions that can be claimed.
  • The next step is to choose the appropriate ITR form - ITR-1, ITR-2 etc based on the resident status, income level and type of income of the taxpayer. Most salaried employees file returns using ITR-1 or ITR-2.
  • Taxpayers then need to fill and submit the ITR form electronically on the Income Tax e-filing website. Pre-filled forms are also available for download to make the filing process smoother. All personal and income details have to be filled accurately in the form.
  • For FY 2024-25, the deadline for filing ITR for all taxpayers is 31st July 2025. This is irrespective of the audit status of the taxpayer.
  • If a tax refund is due, it has to be claimed within 1 year from the end of the assessment year i.e. by 31st March 2026. Else the refund amount lapses.
  • Late filing of returns will attract penalties up to Rs 10,000 depending on the degree of delay. However, eligible senior citizens, very senior citizens and super senior citizens will not be levied late filing fees if they file belated returns.
  • After filing, taxpayers must verify the ITR within 120 days else it will be considered invalid. ITR can be verified electronically through Aadhaar OTP, bank account, demat account or physically through signed ITR-V.
  • Processing of returns starts after verification. Once processed, scrutiny notices may be sent in case of discrepancies. Any additional tax demand has to be paid within 30 days of receiving the notice.
  • So in summary, taxpayers must collect documents, fill accurate forms, file on time, verify returns and be thorough to avoid penalties while meeting the July 2025 deadline for FY2024-25. Proper planning and information gathering is key to a smooth tax filing process.


Failure to pay taxes or file returns on time can result in penalties. Some key penalties to be aware of for income tax year 2023-24 include:

Late filing penalty: If you file your return after the due date without a valid extension, you may face a penalty of 5% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the return is late, up to a maximum of 25% of the unpaid tax.

Late payment penalty: If you don't pay the tax you owe by the due date, you'll face a penalty of 0.5% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the tax remains unpaid after the due date. The maximum penalty is 25% of the unpaid tax.

Failure to file penalty: If you don't file your return at all, you may face a penalty of 5% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the return is late. This penalty can climb as high as 25% of the unpaid tax.

Failure to pay estimated tax penalty: If you don't pay enough tax throughout the year through withholding or estimated tax payments, you may owe an underpayment penalty. Generally, the penalty is calculated by applying the federal short-term interest rate plus 3 percentage points to the underpayment for the number of months it remains unpaid.

Accuracy-related penalties: These penalties apply if you underpay your tax due to negligence, substantial understatement of income, substantial estate or gift tax valuation understatements, or other reasons. The penalty is typically 20% of the underpaid tax.

The IRS offers various defenses and exceptions to penalties under certain circumstances. It's important to understand the penalties so you can file and pay properly to avoid facing them. Consulting a tax professional can help identify potential errors and recommend strategies to minimize penalties.

Tax Planning Tips

The Income Tax Act provides several tax planning opportunities that taxpayers can utilize to reduce their tax liability. Here are some tips to maximize tax savings for financial year 2023-24:

Invest in tax-saving instruments: Contributing to the Public Provident Fund (PPF), tax-saving fixed deposits, National Savings Certificates (NSC), ELSS mutual funds, etc. allows you to claim tax deductions under Section 80C up to Rs 1.5 lakh.

Claim HRA exemption: If you are a salaried individual and pay house rent, you can claim House Rent Allowance (HRA) exemption by submitting rent receipts and other documents to your employer. This helps reduce taxable income.

Invest in health insurance: The premium paid for health insurance for self, spouse and dependents qualifies for tax benefit under Section 80D. Having adequate health cover also ensures financial readiness for medical emergencies.

** Claim work-related deductions:** Employees can claim deductions on professional tax paid, allowances such as LTA/medical allowance, interest on home loan for self-occupied house property, etc. to lower taxable salary income.

Donate to charity: Donations to approved charitable institutions qualify for 100% or 50% deduction under Section 80G. This helps reduce tax liability. However, cash donations over Rs 2,000 are not allowed.

Claim deduction for disabled dependents: Additional deduction for medical expenditure incurred on disabled dependents can be claimed under Section 80DD. This enhances the tax benefit for families supporting disabled members.

Submit investment proofs: To claim deductions, all investment proofs for 80C, 80D, home loan, etc. must be submitted to employer on time. Missing the deadline could lead to higher TDS deduction and lower take-home salary.

Pay advance tax: If estimated tax liability exceeds Rs 10,000 per year, pay advance tax in installments to avoid interest penalty. Compute taxes and plan advance tax installments diligently.

Review taxes: Before tax filing due date, re-compute your taxes, interest and penalties if any. If required, pay additional self-assessment tax to avoid late filing fees.


What are the income tax slabs for 2023-24?

The income tax slabs for the financial year 2023-24 are as follows:

Up to Rs 3 lakh - Nil

Rs 3-6 lakh - 5%

Rs 6-9 lakh - 10%

Rs 9-12 lakh - 15%

Rs 12-15 lakh - 20%

Above Rs 15 lakh - 30%

There is no change in the tax slabs from the previous year. The only change is that the tax rebate under Section 87A has been increased from Rs 12,500 to Rs 15,000.

What is the due date for filing income tax returns for FY 2023-24?

The due date for filing income tax returns for the financial year 2024-25 is 31st July 2025. However, taxpayers who are required to get their accounts audited must file their returns by 30th September 2025.

What are some of the key changes in income tax laws for FY 2023-24?

Some of the key changes in income tax laws for FY 2024-25 are:

Higher Section 87A rebate of Rs 15,000 (vs Rs 12,500 earlier)

Standard deduction increased from Rs 50,000 to Rs 60,000

Limit of Rs 1.5 lakh on interest on housing loan extended for self-occupied property

Limit of Rs 7,50,000 on employers contribution to NPS extended by 3 years

Surcharge capped at 15% on long term capital gains on listed equity shares/units

What are some of the major deductions under income tax?

Some of the major deductions available under income tax are:

Section 80C - Investments and expenses up to Rs 1.5 lakh

Section 80D - Health insurance premium

Section 24 - Interest on housing loan

Section 80E - Interest on education loan

Section 80TTA - Interest on savings account up to Rs 40,000

Section 80DDB - Medical treatment expenses for senior citizens

Section 80GG - Rent paid minus 10% of total income

How can I save income tax through tax planning?

Some tips to save income tax through tax planning are:

  • Maximise your Section 80C deductions through ELSS, PPF, etc.
  • Buy health insurance to claim deduction under Section 80D
  • Invest in NPS and tax-saving FDs up to Rs 1.5 lakh
  • Claim HRA exemption for rent paid
  • Consider switching to new income tax regime if beneficial
  • Invest in tax-saving mutual funds
  • Donate to charities and claim deductions
  • Claim all eligible medical expenses


Here are some helpful resources for further information about income tax 2023-24:

The official Income Tax Department website - Get the latest notifications, forms, publications, and FAQs directly from the Income Tax Department.

  • ClearTax - Use ClearTax's free income tax calculator, read their guide for filing ITR, and check out tax planning articles.
  • TaxSpanner - Find more information on income tax slabs, deductions, and free tax calculation tools.
  • Quicko - Quicko provides an Income Tax Guide, ITR filing assistance, tax calculators, and more resources.
  • MyITReturn - MyITReturn has an Income Tax Manual, ITR filing tutorials, and other detailed resources.
  • Income Tax Forums - Participate in income tax forums to discuss filing queries and get insights from other taxpayers.
  • Income Tax eBooks & Guides - Purchase ebooks and guides on income tax from leading publishers like Taxmann.
  • YouTube Channels & Videos - Find explanatory income tax videos on YouTube from financial advisors and tax experts.
  • Blogs & Articles - Read detailed blogs and articles on income tax planning, deductions, and filing from reputed sites.
  • Finance & Tax Magazines - Subscribe to finance and tax magazines like Income Tax Review for in-depth insights and analysis.

This list of authoritative resources should provide income taxpayers with all the information they need for income tax 2024-25. Let me know if you need any clarification on using these resources.


As we covered in this guide, a number of important changes are coming for income tax in India in 2023-24.

The key points and takeaways include:

  • Income tax slabs will be revised with an increase in the basic exemption limit. This will provide relief to taxpayers in lower income brackets.
  • The tax rates are expected to be rationalized by doing away with certain surcharges and cess. This may lead to lower tax liability for some high net worth individuals.
  • Deductions under Section 80C are likely to be increased to boost taxpayer savings. The additional ₹50,000 deduction on NPS contributions may also continue.
  • The standard deduction, which provides a flat deduction from salary income, is also expected to be hiked.
  • Filing income tax returns will be further streamlined through pre-filled forms and integration of tax information. However, penalties may be imposed for delays in filing.
  • Proper tax planning remains essential to minimize tax liability. Consulting a financial advisor can provide guidance on investments and deductions.

To conclude, income tax payers need to stay updated on the upcoming changes in order to accurately compute their tax liability for 2023-24 Considering one's unique financial situation and optimizing deductions will be key.

Income Tax Softwares  2023-24

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